Normalization for Illumina Infinium human methylation 27k arrays using the lumi methodology. Please note that this tool requires your raw data to be in one FinalReport file (FinalReport_sample_methylation_profile.txt). The filename must end with ".txt", and you should NOT use the Import tool when bringing the data into Chipster (in the Import files -window change the action to "Import directly").
This tool adjusts color balance and background, and normalizes Illumina methylation data provided in GenomeStudio FinalReport format. The color balance can be adjusted using smooth quantile normalization or simple scaling normalization (ssn). The background adjustment methods bgAdjust2C and forcePositive are based on the assumption that most of the CpG sites are unmethylated. Normalization is performed at the probe level (normalizing the intensities of methylated and unmethylated probes instead of the summarized methylation levels) using either the quantile or ssn method.
Four tab-delimited text files (normalized.tsv, unmethylated.tsv, methylated.tsv, phenodata.tsv) and a quality control plot (QC-plot.png). The file normalized.tsv contains normalized methylated / unmethylated ratios on log2-scale, and it is suitable for all further analyses. Unmethylated.tsv and methylated.tsv contain data for unmethylated and methylated probes. The QC plot shows distributions of methylated and unmethylated probes where unmethylated data is shown in green and methylated data is shown in red.
This tool uses Bioconductor package lumi. Please cite the articles:
Du P, Kibbe WA, Lin SM (2008) lumi: a pipeline for processing Illumina microarray, Bioinformatics, 24, 1547-1548.
Du P, Zhang X, Huang CC, Jafari N, Kibbe WA, Lin SM (2010) Comparison of Beta-value and M-value methods for quantifying methylation levels by microarray analysis, BMC bioinformatics, 11, 587.